White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)

Threats according to BirdLife International:

Threats that affect this species include loss and degradation of wetlands, human disturbance and persecution, environmental pollution, collision with wind generators (Krone and Scharnweber 2003), and indiscriminate use of poisons. Modern forestry methods reduce the availability of suitable nesting habitat (Orta et al. 2013). Organochlorine pesticide and heavy metal pollution resulted in reductions in breeding success, particularly in the Baltic region (Orta et al. 2013). Although some losses may be taking place in Asian Russia owing to increased logging and oil industry development, these are outweighted by increases in Europe.

Distribution map:

: Birdlife International


LIFE-projects focusing on this species:

  • LIFE95 NAT/FIN/000099 : Preservation of western taiga habitats sheltering threatened species (White-tailed eagle) in the Baltic Archipelago



Krone, O.; Scharnweber, C. 2003. Two White-tailed Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilia) collide with wind generators in northern Germany. 37: 174-176.

Orta, J., Kirwan, G.M., Christie, D.A. and Boesman, P. 2013. White-tailed Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.